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【初中英语】初中英语构词法大全、最重要的 100 个...

2018-02-13 16:16:02  来源:西安爱智康

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初中英语构词法大全
英语构词方法主要有三种:即合成、派生和转化。
一. 转化
英语单词的词性非常活跃,名词用作动词,动词转化为名词,形容词用作动词等现象非常普遍,这
种把一种词性用作另一种词性的方式就叫做词性的转化。阅读中经常出现转化词,只要抓住单词的原始意
思,结合句子成分,就容易弄清它们的引申义。
1. 动词和名词之间的相互转化。有时意思变化不大,有时有一定的变化。
1) 动词转化为名词。如:
Shall we go out for a drive next Sunday?
下个星期天咱们出去驱车旅行,好吗?
句中的 drive 由动词转化为名词(词意引申为“驱车旅行”)。
2) 名词转化为动词。如:
Have you booked your ticket?
你的票订好了吗?
(句中 book 由名词转化为动词,词意引申为“订购”)
2. 少部分形容词转化为动词。
The train slowed down to half its speed.
火车速度减慢了一半。
(句中 slow 由形容词转化为动词,词意引申为“减速”)
3. 形容词和名词之间的相互转化。
The poor were not allowed to go into this park those days.
那个时候,穷人是不允许进入这个公园的。
(句中 poor 由形容词转化为名词,词意引申为“穷人”)
4. 有些词可以词形不变,只因重音变化而发生词类转化,有时词义也可能变化。如:
record [reˈkɔːd]  v. 记录 record [rɪˈkɔːd]  n. 记录
5. 有些词词形不变,只因词尾的清浊音变化而发生词类转化,有时词形也可以变化。如:
excuse [ɪksˈkjuːz]  v. 原谅 excuse [ɪksˈkjuːs]  n. 原谅
use [juːz]  v. 用 use [juːs]  n. 用
二. 派生
派生词是在一个单词前面加前缀或后面加后缀构成新词。如:
happy—unhappy (加前缀 un-)
happy—happily (加后缀-ly)
1. 通过加前缀构成另一个词。
前缀一般不造成词类的转换,但能引起词义的变化。前缀中有相当一部分可构成反义词。常用的前
缀有:
前缀  意义  例词
im- 不  impossible, impolite
mis- 错误的  misuse, misunderstand
re- 重新,再次  rewrite, retell
super- 超级,上层  supermarket, superman
un- 不  unfair, unusual
under-  下面的  underground
个别前缀也可以引起词类的变化,如:
en-可以和名词或形容词构成动词:enlarge(扩大), enable(使能够)
a-可以和名词构成形容词:asleep(睡着的);
out-可以和一些动词构成名词:outcome(结果), outlet(出口)
2. 通过加后缀构成另一个词。后缀不仅能改变词义,也能改变词类。
1) 常用的构成名词的后缀:
后缀  意义  例词
-er 人,动作者  worker, singer, recorder
-or 人,动作者  actor, visitor, editor
-ist 人,主义者  chemist, dentist
-ess 女性  actress, waitress
-hood  身份,状态  childhood, boyhood
-ment 行为,动作,结果  government, movement
-ness 状态,性质  illness, happiness
-ion 动作,状态  discussion, decision
-th 状态  length, wealth, truth
-ese 人  Japanese, Chinese
-ian 人  American, musician, historian
-ship 状态  friendship, membership
2) 常用的构成动词的后缀:
后缀  意义  例词
-en 动词词尾  widen, strengthen
-fy  动词词尾  beautify
3) 常用的构成副词的后缀:
后缀  意义  例词
-ly 副词词尾  slowly, happily, simply
-ward(s)  副词词尾  eastward(s), backward(s)
4) 常用的构成形容词的后缀:
后缀  意义  例词
-able  ……的  agreeable, payable, readable
-an ……的  European, American, Canadian
-al ……的  political, musical
-en 由……制成  woolen, golden
-ed  ……的  blue-eyed
-ful 充满的  careful, painful, hopeful
-ish ……的  foolish, Swedish
-less 没有的  careless, homeless, endless
-ly 充满,性质  friendly, lovely, motherly
-ous 有……的  famous, dangerous
-y 充满,性质  rainy, dirty, sunny, cloudy, sleepy
5) 数词后缀
后缀  意义  例词
-teen  十几  thirteen; fifteen; eighteen
-ty  几十  forty; fifty; ninety
-th  第……  fifth; sixth; eighth
三. 合成
将两个或两个以上的单词合成在一起而构成的新词,叫做合成词。合成词在英语中比较活跃,广泛
运用在涉及各个领域的语言文字中。常用的合成词的构成方法如下:
1. 合成形容词常见的构成方法:
构成方法  例词
形容词 + 名词 + -ed  white-haired, warm-hearted, kind-hearted
形容词 + 现在分词  good-looking, easy-going
形容词 + 过去分词  ready-made, new-born
副词 + 现在分词  hard-working, well-meaning
副词 + 过去分词  well-known, newly-built
名词 + 现在分词  English-speaking, south-facing
名词 + 过去分词  man-made, water-covered
名词 + 形容词  snow-white, homesick
副词/形容词 + 名词  right-hand, full-time
数词 + 名词  100-meter, million-pound
数词 + 名词 + 形容词  180-foot-high, 10-year-old
数词 + 名词 + -ed  four-legged, one-eyed
2. 合成动词常见的构成方法:
构成方法  例词
副词 + 动词  overcome, understand
形容词 + 动词  dry-clean, white-wash
名词 + 动词  typewrite, sleepwalk
3. 合成名词常见的构成方法:
构成方法  例词
名词 + 名词  classroom, schoolgirl, weekend, bookshop
形容词 + 名词  highway, blackboard, hotdog, greenhouse
动词 + 副词  get-together, break-down
名词 + 动名词  handwriting, storytelling
副词 + 名词  outbreak, overcoat
动名词 + 名词  dining room, sleeping car, reading-room
4. 合成副词或代词。如:
maybe, forever, myself, whole-heartedly, however, everyone, something
5. 有时一个名词可以构成许多合成词。如:
handbag, handball, handwriting, hand-made




 

初中英语最重要的 100 个基础句型
1. want to do sth 想做某事
I want to go to school.
我想去上学。
2. want sb to do sth 想让某人做某事
I want my son to go to school.
我想让我的儿子去上学。
3. be different from 与......不同
The weather in Beijing is different from that of Nanjing.
北京的天气和南京的不同。
4. be the same as 与……相同
His trousers are the same as mine.
他的裤子和我的一样。
5. be friendly to sb 对某人友
Mr. Wang is very friendly to us.
王先生对我们非常友好。
6. welcome to sp 欢迎来到某地
Welcome to China.
欢迎来到中国。
7. What’s the matter with sb/sth? 某人/某物出什么毛病了?
What’s the matter with your watch?
你的手表怎么了?
8. what to do 做什么
We don’t know what to do next.
我们不知道接下来要做什么。
9. let sb do sth 让某人做某事
Let him enter the room.
让他进入房间。
10. let sb not do sth 让某人不做某事
Let him not stand in the rain.
让他不要站在雨中。
11. why don’t you do sth? 你怎么不做某事呢?
Why don’t you play football with us?
你怎么不和我们踢足球呢?
12. why not do sth? 怎么不做某事呢?
Why not play football with us?
为什么不和我们踢足球呢?
13. make sb sth 为某人制造某物
My father made me a kite.
我爸爸给我做了一个风筝。
14. make sth for sb 为某人制造某物
My father made a kite for me.
我爸爸给我做了一个风筝。
15. What do you mean by doing sth?你做……是什么意思?
What do you mean by doing that?
你做那件事情是什么意思?
16. like doing sth 喜爱做某事
Jim likes swimming.
吉姆喜欢游泳。
17. like to do sth 想去做某事
He doesn’t like to swim now.
他现在不想去游泳。
18. feel like doing sth 想要做某事
I feel like eating bananas.
我想要吃香蕉。
19. would like to do sth 想要做某事
Would you like to go rowing with me?
你想要和我一起去划船吗?
20. would like sb to do sth 想要某人做某事
I’d like you to stay with me tonight.
我想你今晚和我待在一起。
21. make sb do sth 使某人做某事
His brother often makes him stay in the sun.
他哥哥经常让他晒太阳。
22. let sb do sth 让某人做某事
Let me sing a song for you.
让我为你唱支歌吧。
23. have sb do sth 使某人做某事
You shouldn’t have the students work so hard.
你不应该让学生这么努力学习。
24. be far from sp 离某地远
His school is far from his home.
他的学校离他家远。
25. be near to sp 离某地近
The hospital is near to the post office.
医院离邮局很近。
26. be good at sth/doing sth 擅长某事/做某事
We are good at English.
我们擅长英语。
They are good at boating.
他们擅长划船。
27. It takes sb some time to do sth 做某事花费某人多长时间
It took me more than a year to learn to draw a beautiful horse in five minutes.
学会在五分钟内画一匹漂亮的马花了我一年多的时间。
28. sb spends some time/money (in )doing sth 某人花一些时间/钱做某事
I spent twenty years(in)writing the novel.
我花了 20 年写这部小说。
29. sb spends some time/money on sth 某人花一些时间/钱在某事/物上
Jim spent 1000 yuan on the bike.
吉姆花了 1000 元买这辆自行车。
30. sth costs sb some money 某物花了某人一些钱
The bike cost Jim 1000 yuan.
这辆行车花了吉姆 1000 元。
31. sb pays some money for sth 某人为某物付了一些钱
Jim paid 1000 yuan for the bike.
吉姆花了 1000 元买这辆自行车。
32. begin/start sth with sth 伴随......开始做某事
The started the meeting with a song.
伴随着一首歌,我们开始了会议。
33. be going to do sth 打算做某事
We are going to study in Japan.
我们打算去日本学习。
34. call A B 叫 A B
They called the village Gumtree.
他们叫这个村庄桉树。
35. thank sb for sth/doing sth 感谢某人做某事
Thank you for your help/helping me.
感谢你的帮助。
36. What…for? 为什么?
What do you learn English for?
你为什么学英语?
37. How/ what about doing sth?做某事怎么样?
How about going fishing?
去钓鱼怎么样?
38. S +be+ the+最高级+of/in 短语
Lucy is the tallest in her class.
露西在她班里是最高的。
39. S + be +比较级+than any other + n
Lucy is taller than any other student in her class.
露西在班里比其他任何一个学生都高。
40. have to do sth 不得不/必须做某事
I have to go home now.
我现在必须要回家了。
41. had better do sth 最好做某事
You’d better study English hard.
你最好努力学习英语。
42. had better not do sth 最好别做某事
You’d better not stay up.
你最好不要熬夜。
43. help sb to do sth 帮助某人做某事
Lucy often helps Lily to wash her clothes.
露西经常帮助莉莉她的洗衣服。
44. help sb do st 帮助某人做某事
He usually helps me learn English.
他经常帮助我学习英语。
45. help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事
I sometimes help my mother with the housework.
我有时帮助我的妈妈做家务。
46. make it +时间 把时间定在......
Let’s make it 8:30.
让我们把时间定在 8:30 吧。
47. take sb to sp 带某人到某地
Mr. Wang will take us to the Summer Palace next Sunday.
下周日,王先生将带我们去颐和园。
49. have nothing to do (with sb)与某人没有关系
That has nothing to do with me.
那和我没有关系。
50. 主语+ don’t think + 从句 ......认为……不……
I don’t think it will rain tomorrow.
我认为明天不会下雨。
51. It’s + adj + for sb to do sth 做某事对某人来说怎么样
It is lucky for you to go to London.
去伦敦对你来说是幸运的。
52. How + adj/adv + 主+ 谓!......多么…...啊!
How beautiful the flower is!
这朵花多么漂亮啊!
53. what + a/an + adj + [c] + 主+ 谓!
What an beautiful flower it is!
它是多么漂亮的一朵花啊!
54. What + adj+ pl/ +主+ 谓!
What bad weather it is today!
今天天气多么糟糕啊!
55. find it + adj + to do sth 发现做某事如何
I find it hard to speak English well.
我发现说好英语很难。
56. ask sb for sth 向某人要某物
They often ask me for money.
他们经常向我要钱。
57. need to do sth 需要做某事
You need to study hard.
你需要努力学习。
58. need sth 需要某物
I don’t need your money.
我不需要你的钱。
59. use sth to do sth 用某物来做某事
We use pens to write.
我们用钢笔写字。
60. show sb sth 给某人看某物
Please show me the map.
请给我看看地图。
61. show sth to sb 把某物给某人看
Please show the map to me.
请把地图给我看看。
62. pass sb sth 把某物递给某人
Pass me the cup of tea.
递给我咖啡。
63. pass sth to sb 把某物递给某人
Pass the cup of tea to me.
把咖啡递给我。
64. buy sb sth 为某人买某物
Mother bought me a bike.
妈妈给我买了一辆自行车。
65. buy sth for sb 为某人买某物
Mother bought a bike for me.
妈妈给我买了一辆自行车。
66. give sb sth 把某物给某人
Jim gave me an English dictionary.
吉姆给我一本英语字典。
67. give sth to sb 把某物给某人
Jim gave an English dictionary to me.
吉姆给我一本英语字典。
68. get to sp 达到某地
I got to Beijing on the morning of May 1st.
5 月 1 日早晨我到了北京。
69. arrive at/in sp 达到某地
I arrived in Beijing on the morning of May 1st.
5 月 1 日早晨我到了北京。
70. reach sp 达到某地
I reached Beijing on the morning of May 1st.
5 月 1 日早晨我到了北京。
71. hope to do sth 希望某人做某事
I hope to see you soon.
我希望不久见到你。
72. there is sth wrong with sth/sb 某物/某人出毛病了
There is something wrong my car.
我的车出了毛病。
73. sth is wrong with……某物出毛病了
Something is wrong with my car.
我的车出了毛病。
74. How do you like sth? 你认为……怎么样?
How do you like Beijing?
你认为北京怎么样?
75. What do you think of sth? 你认为……怎么样?
What do you think of Beijing?
你认为北京怎么样?
76. start doing sth 开始做某事
I started learning English in 1983.
我在 1983 年开始学习英语。
77. start to do sth 开始做某事
I started to watch TV after finishing my homework.
完成作业后我开始看电视。
78. finish doing sth 完成做某事
I finished cleaning my car just now.
我刚才清洗了我的车。
79. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事
They all enjoy living and working in China.
他们都喜欢在中国生活和工作。
80. what else… 别的什么
What else do you want to buy?
你还想买别的什么吗?
81. forget doing sth 忘记做过某事(已做)
I forgot turning off the lights. Look, it is dark in the room.
我忘记关过灯了。看,房间里黑着。
82. forget to do sth 忘了做某事(未做)
I forgot to turn off the lights. Could you go back and shut them off?
我忘记关灯了。你能回去关上吗?
83. remember doing sth 记得做过某事(已做)
I remembered returning your money. You are so forgetful.
我记得还给你钱了。你是如此健忘。
84. remember to do sth 记住做某事(未做)
Remember to bring me some money tomorrow.
记得明天给我带一些钱来。
85. stop to do sth 停下来去做另一件事
He stopped to talk with Mary when she entered the office.
当玛丽走进办公室时,他停下来和她谈话。
86. stop doing sth 停止正在做的事
The students stopped talking when the teacher came in.
当老师进来的时候,学生们停止了谈论。
87. watch/see/hear sb do sth 观看/看见/听见某人做了某事
I saw you pick an apple just now.
刚才,我看见你捡起了一个苹果。
88. watch/see/hear sb doing sth 观看/看见/听见某人在做某事
I saw you playing basketball with your classmates on the playground then.
那时,我看到你正和你的同学们在操场上踢足球。
89. go on doing sth 继续做同一件事
He went on reading after a short rest.
在短暂的休息后,他继续读书。
90. go on to do sth 继续做另一件事
He went on to read after finishing wash the dishes.
在洗完盘子后,他继续阅读。
91. go on with sth 继续某事
He went on with his work after a short rest.
在短暂的休息后,他继续他的工作。
92. say hello/goodbye to sb 向某人打招呼/告别
I came to say goodbye to you.
我来是和你告别的。
93. be busy doing sth 忙于做某事
They are busy planting trees on the hill.
他们正忙着在山上植树。
94. be interested in sth 对某事感兴趣
We are all interested in English.
我们都对英语感兴趣。
95. tell sb to do sth 让某人做某事
Mother told me to go shopping with her.
妈妈让我和她去购物。
96. ask sb to do sth 请某人做某事
Jim ask me to go rowing with him.
吉姆请我和他去划船。
97. call/ring sb up 给某人打电话
I will call you up tommow.
我明天会给你打电话。
98. be ready to do sth 准备好做某事
We are ready to have lunch.
我们准备好吃午饭。
99. go doing sth 去做某事
Let’s go fishing.
让我们去钓鱼吧。
100. prefer(doing)A to(doing)B 比起(做)B 来更喜欢(做)A
Lucy prefers English to French.
比起法语来,我更喜欢英语。
I prefer staying at home to going to the cinema.
比起去看电影来,我更喜欢待在家里。


 

中考英语作文万能模板
一、中考英语作文万能模板:阐述主题题型
要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述.
1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.
2. 分析并举例使其更充实.
二、中考英语作文万能模板:解决方法题型
要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径
1. 问题现状
2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)
In recent days, we have to face a problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious.
First, -----
(说明A的现状).Second, ----------(举例进一步说明现状)
Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation.
For one thing, ----------(解决方法一). For another ---------(解决方法二). Finally, ---------(解决方法
三).
Personally, I believe that --------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright
future is awaiting us because ----------(带来的好处).
三、中考英语作文万能模板:说明利弊题型
这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出
发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)
1. 说明事物现状
2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)
3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法
Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally,
its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -----------------
--(A的优点之二).
But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important
disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,------------------
(A的第二个缺点).
Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones.
Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法).
(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it
reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------
(对前景的预测).)
四、中考英语作文万能模板:议论文的框架
(1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 )
There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that
the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think
that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in
the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes
without saying that ___观点一_____.
People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___
观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand, ___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____
原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______.
As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. It is not only
because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.
(2)利弊型的议论文
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact,
there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely
believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优
点二_____.
Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception,
and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____
缺点二______.
To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and
reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make
a better use of the ____讨论议题___.
五、中考英语作文万能模板:图表作文的框架
as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart),
___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease (goes
up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from ______in
_______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying
that ________.
There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On
the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for
_______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show________.But it is generally believed that
the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.
As far as I am concerned,I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both
sound and well-grounded.
六、中考英语作文万能模板:现象说明文(新中国成立以来发生了翻天覆地的变化,)
Recently _______,what amazes us most is______________,it is ture that__________.
There are many reasons explaining__________________________. The main reason
is___________________.
what is more_________________________.thirdly______________________.As a result_______________.
Considering all there,_____________________.For one thing_________________,for
another_____________ . In Conclusion____________________.
七、中考英语作文万能模板:一种事物或现象(负面意义倾向)
关于 A 的话题,早已引起了广泛的社会关注。如今在电视、报纸、日常生活的很多角落,都有越来越多的
关于 A 的议论。
给 A 一个精确恒定的定义并非易事,因为它的概念涉及了科学、人性、思想、经济、社会、自然等
广阔的领域。一般而言,我们可以这样描述 A…
A 能成为公众关注的焦点,主要是由于它对个人、集体乃至整个世界都有着不容忽视的不良影响。
认 真分析后我们可以看到,A 对社会/世界 /健康的不利有很多。首先,从最直观的角度来看,A 的
出现直接损害了(这里加入一句针对性的话,如人类的身体健康和环境的平衡)。(举例)。其次,从更
深一层次上讲,它为人类的精神文明蒙上了一层阴影。更可怕的是,由于 A 所产生微小利益,却促成了
许多可悲的人们为其忘乎所以,破坏了人类生存的法则和空间。
事实上,A 的出现是社会发展和人类进步的产物,A 所带来的危害是人类进化过程中付出的代价。同
时,A 的产生来源于部分人们的自私和趋利性,他们看到的是肤浅和片面的利益,而从未从整个全局和人
类整体的利益出发去认识和分析它。这使得 A 始终挥之不去。对此,我奉劝他们,跳出狭小的角落,用
长远和全局的眼光去重新审视 A。
而如今,我们已深受其害,要想消除它的危害,我们必须从根源上杜绝它的产生,我们每一个人都应
给予 A 高度的重视,用系统的和科学的方法去解决,唯有这样,避免它带来更多损失,我们人类前进的
脚步才会更加平稳,更加欢快的迈向辉煌的明天。
八、中考英语作文万能模板:说明原因型
Currently,XX has been the order of the day .This does demonstrate
the theory --- nothing is more valuable than XX .
It is clear that ( 1 ). If you ( 2 ), as a result ,
your dreams willcome true . On the contrary, if you ( 3 ).
Failure will be following with you .It turns out that all your plan falls through .
No one can deny another fact that ( 4 ) .You donn't have to
look very far to find out the truth , in respect that we all know ( 5 ) .
It will exert a profound influence upon ( 6 ).
With reference to my standpoint ,I think ( 7 ).
其他写作常见模板
一、英语书信的常见写作模板
开头部分:
How nice to hear from you again.
Let me tell you something about the activity.
I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th.
I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit.
I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America.
结尾部分:
With best wishes.
I’m looking forward to your reply.
I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier.
二、口头通知常见写作模板
呼语及开场白部分:
Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to
make.
正文部分:
All the teachers and students are required to attend it.
Please take your notebooks and make notes.
Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups.
Please come on time and don’t be late.
结束语部分:
Please come and join in it.
Everybody is welcome to attend it.
I hope you’ll have a nice time here.
That’s all. Thank you.
三、议论文模板
1.正反观点式议论文模板
导入:
第 1 段:Recently we’ve had a discussion about whether we should... (导入话题)
Our opinions are divided on this topic.(观点有分歧)
正文:
第 2 段:Most of the students are in favour of it.(正方观点)
Here are the reasons. First... Second... Finally...(列出 2~3 个赞成的理由)
第 3 段:However, the others are strongly against it. (反方观点)
Their reasons are as follows. In the first place... What’s more... In addition...(列出 2~3 个反
对的理由)
结论:
第 4 段:Personally speaking, the advantages overweigh the disadvantages, for it will do us
more harm than good, so I support it.(个人观点) オ
2.“A 或者 B”类议论文模板:
导入:
第 1 段:Some people hold the opinion that A is superior to B in many ways. Others,
however, argue that B is much better. Personally, I would prefer A because I think A has
more advantages.
正文:
第 2 段:There are many reasons why I prefer A. The main reason is that ... Another reason
is that...(赞同 A 的原因)
第 3 段: Of course, B also has advantages to some extent... (列出 1~2 个 B 的优势)
结论:
第 4 段: But if all these factors are considered, A is much better than B. From what has been
discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that ...(得出结论) オ
3.观点论述类议论文模板:
导入:
第 1 段:提出一种现象或某个决定作为议论的话题
As a student, I am strongly in favour of the decision. (亮明自己的观点是赞成还是反对)
The reasons for this may be listed as follows. (过渡句,承上启下)
正文:
第 2 段:First of all... Secondly... Besides...(列出 2~3 个赞成或反对的理由)
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结论:
第 3 段:In conclusion, I believe that... (照应第 1 段,构成"总—分—总"结构)
4."How to"类议论文模板:
导入:
第 1 段:提出一种现象或某种困难作为议论的话题
正文:
第 2 段:Many ways can help to solve this serious problem, but the following may be most
effective. First of all... Another way to solve the problem is ... Finally...(列出 2~3 个解决此类问
题的办法)
结论:
第 3 段:These are not the best but the only two/ three measures we can take. But it should
be noted that we should take action to...(强调解决此类问题的根本方法)
四、图表作文写作模板
The chart gives us an overall picture of the 图表主题. The first thing we notice is that 图表最
大特点 . This means that as (进一步说明).
We can see from the statistics given that 图表细节一 . After 动词-ing 细节一中的第一个变化,
the 动词-ed+幅度+时间(紧跟着的变化) . The figures also tell us that 图表细节二 . In the column,
we can see that accounts for (进一步描述).
Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that (结论). The reason for this, as
far as I am concerned is that (给出原因). / It is high time that we (发出倡议).
引出不同观点:
1、People’s views on… vary from person to person. Some hold that… 。 However, others
believe that…。
人们对…的观点因人而异。有些人认为…。。 然而其他人却认为...
2、People may have different opinions on…
人们对…可能会有不同的见解。
3、Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person.
人们对待吸毒的态度因人而异。
4、There are different opinions among people as to…
关于…。 人们的观点大不相同。
5、Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure)。
对(失败)人们的态度各不相同。
6、A lot of people seem to think that…
很多人似乎认为…
7、、It is commonly believed that… / It is a common belief that…
人们一般认为…
8、Many people insist that…
很多人坚持认为…
结尾句型
1、Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that…
把所有这些因素加以考虑,我们自然会得出结论…
2、Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that…
考虑所有这些因素,我们可能会得出合理的结论…
3、Hence/Therefore, we’d better come to the conclusion that…
因此,我们最好得出这样的结论…
4、There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits.
毫无疑问,跳槽有优点也有缺点。
5、All in all, we cannot live without… But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to
cope with the problems that would arise.
总之,我们没有…是无法生活的。但同时,我们必须寻求新的解决办法来对付可能出现的新问题。
6、It is high time that we put an end to the (trend)。
该是我们停止这一趋势的时候了。
7、It is time to take the advice of … and to put special emphasis on the improvement of …
该是采纳…的建议,并对…的进展给予特殊重视的时候了。



 

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