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高二年级英语知识点大汇总

2018-02-13 16:20:54  来源:西安爱智康

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对于高二同学来说,期末考试必修五是重点考查内容,小简老师总结了课本中的语言点,助力大家期末考试得!


 

Unit1 Great scientists


 

【重点短语】                         
1. put forward    提出
2. draw a conclusion   得出结论
3. be/get under control   在……控制下
be/get out of control   失去控制不能操纵
4. be absorbed in  专心
5. be to blame  应该受责备(用主动形式表示被动)
blame sb. for sth. 因某事责备某人
6. in addition    也,另外,此外
in addition to 除了...以外(包括在内)
7. link...to... 将…和…连接或联系起来
8. die of    因…而死亡(内因)
die from    因…而死亡(外因)
9. lead to   导致,通向
10. make sense  有意义,说得通
11. apart from   除…之外,此外
12. contribute to  为…作贡献或捐款,导致,有助于
13. be enthusiastic about 对…热情
14. be curious about  对…好奇
15. cure sb. of  illness   治好某人…病
16. point of view  态度,观点,看法
17.(be)strict with sb.对某人要求严格


 

【重点句型】
 
1. John Snow was a well-known doctor in London – so famous, indeed, that he attended Queen Victoria to ease the birth of her babies.
约翰•斯诺曾经是伦敦一位的医生――他的确太负盛名了,所以维多利亚女皇生孩子时都是他去照料,帮助她顺利分娩。
 
2. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera.
但当他一想到要帮助患病的普通老百姓,特别是那些得了霍乱的患者时,他就感到很振奋。
 
3. Neither its cause, nor its cure was understood.
人们既不知道它的病源,也不了解它的治疗方法。
 
4. He knew it would never be controlled until its cause was found.
他知道,在找到病源之前,疫情是无法控制的。
 
5.  He got interested in two theories explaining how cholera killed people.
霍乱之所以能致人于死地,当时有两种看法,斯诺对这两种推测都很感兴趣。
 
6. The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals.
第二种看法是在吃饭的时候人们把这种病毒引入体内的。
 
7. He believed in the second theory but needed to prove he was correct.
他相信第二种说法但是需要证明他是正确的
 
8. It seemed that the water was to blame.     
看来要归罪于饮用水了。
 
9. Immediately John Snow told the astonished people in Broad Street to remove the handle from the water pump so it could not be used.
约翰•斯诺马上叫宽街上惊惶失措的老百姓拆掉水泵的把手,这样水泵就用不成了。
 
10. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense.
只有当你把太阳放在中心位置上,天空中其它行星的运动才能说得清楚。
 
11. But only his new theory could do that.
但只有他的新理论才能作出解释。
 
12. Yet Copernicus’ theory is now the base on which all our ideas of the universe are built.
然而哥白尼的理论却是我们宇宙赖以建立的基础。
 
Unit2 The United Kingdom


 

【重点短语】
1. consist of   由…组成
2. divide…into…   把...分成...
3. at war (with…) (与…)交战中
4. break away ( from… ) 挣托(束缚);脱离
5. educational/legal system  教育/立法制度
6. have a good / bad influence on…  对…有好/坏影响
7. take the place of   代替
8. break down (机器)破坏,损坏;(人)身体出毛病;(计划等)受挫,失败
9. make an error  出错
10. leave out  省去;遗漏;不考虑
11. puzzle over / about 为…烦恼/困扰
12. debate sth. with sb. 与某人讨论、争辩
13. at your convenience 在你方便时候
14. in / with relation to (介)关于……;和……相关
15. under construction   在建设中


 

【重点句型】
1. There is no need to debate any more why different words are used to describe the four countries.
对于用来描述这四个国家的词语,现在已经没有争辩的必要了。
2. To their surprise, the three countries found themselves united peacefully instead of by war. 
这三个国家惊奇地发现他们是和平地而没有通过战争联合起来了。
3. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom enjoyable and worthwhile.
如果你想要使你的英国之旅不虚此行,你就必须把眼睛睁得大大的。
4. Worried about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London .
由于担心时间不够,张萍玉早就把她想在伦敦参观的地点列了一张单子。
5. It looked splendid when first built.  
刚建成的时候,它看起来真是金碧辉煌。
6. What interested her most was the longitude line.  
她最感兴趣的是那条经线。
7. Come and see me whenever it is convenient to you.
只要你方便,随时都可以来。


 

Unit3 Life in the Future


 

【重点短语】
1. make a deep/strong impression on sb.  给某人留下深刻印象
impress sb. with sth.= impress sth. on sb.  使人记住某事
2. take up  拿起/占用/接受/开始/从事/继续/选修
speed up   加速
sweep up  打扫 / 横扫 /掠过
use up   用光
come up   过来
eat up  吃光
sit up  熬夜 / 坐正
turn up  出现 / 开大(音/水量)
3. remind sb. of sth. 使某人回想起  某事 /提醒某人某事
remind sb. to do sth. 提醒人去做某事
remind sb. that…   提醒某人…
4. as a result (of…)   结果
5. suffer from   遭受
6. be similar to   和…相似
7. keep doing sth.   一直做某事
8. the six of us  我们六人(共六人)
9. by/ for /through +( the / a ) lack of… 由于……的缺乏
be lacking  in   缺乏(品质 /特点)
lack for…   缺乏…
10. in no time   很快,立刻
11. on one’s feet (从病痛、挫折中)复原
12. in all directions  四面八方
13. sb. lose / catch sight of…  看不见 / 看见
at first sight  第一眼
at the sight of…  一看见……就……
14. provided A with B   向A提供B
15. plenty of + /[c]    许多
16. be previous to…  早于…
17. compare A with B  把A与B作比较
compare A to B  把A与B作比较,把A比喻作B
18. for health reasons  出于健康原因
19. bend the rules  变通,放宽
20. on earth   究竟,到底
21. be under repair   在维修中
22. search for…   寻找
23. assist sb. in /with sth.= assist sb. in doing sth.= assist sb. to do sth.  帮忙,协助某人去做某事
24. go soft 变软
25. speak in whisper 低声地说
26. be optimistic about…  对…乐观
27. switch on/off  the power  开 /关电源
28.explain to sb. sth.= explain  sth. to sb. 向某人解释某事
29. give off  发出(光/热等)
30. get/be caught in …  被困在…中
31. require sb. to do sth.=require that sb. (should ) do sth.
要求某人做某事
sth. require doing / to be done  某物需要被
32. be supposed to do  应该
33. be equipped with … 装备有…
34. be essential for/to…  对......是必要的









 

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