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当前位置:家教西安站 > 高中辅导 > 正文

高中英语学习常见11类动词词组,阅读完型so easy~

2018-03-06 17:16:13  来源:本站原创

 

1.以break为中心的词组

 

break away from 脱离,逃离 

break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚 

break in 闯进,打断;使顺服 

break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始

break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚 

break the law 违反法律

break the record 破记录 

break one’s promise 失言

break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

 

2.以catch为中心的词组

 

be caught doing 被发现做某事 

be caught in the rain 淋雨

catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车 

catch a cold 伤风,感冒

catch one’s word 听懂某人的话 

catch sight of 发现,瞥见

catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

 

3.以come为中心的词组

 

come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付 

come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现 

come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击 

come back 回来;恢复,复原 

come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒 

come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于 

come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次 

come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成 

come into power 开始执政,当权,当选 

come into use 开始使用,获得应用 

come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出 

come to know 开始了解到 

come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露 

come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于 

come to an end 终止,结束 

come true 实现,成为现实;证实 

come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

 

4.以do为中心的词组

 

be done in 精疲力竭 

be done with 完全结束 

do a good deed 做一件好事 

do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费 

do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于 

do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于 

do its work 有效,有作用 

do much 极有用

do wrong to 做错 

do one’s best 尽某人最大努力 

do one’s homework 做作业 

do one’s utmost 尽力而为 

do proud 足以使~~骄傲 

do sb. justice 公平对待某人 

do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生 

do sb. a favor 帮助某人

do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮 

do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理 

do without 不需要,不用 

do wonders 创造奇迹 

have much to do with 和~~很有关系 

have nothing to do with 与~~无关 

have something to do with 和~~有关

in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下 

That will do. 行了;够了

 

5.以get为中心的词组

 

get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传 

get above oneself 自视高傲 

get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常 

get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解 

get ahead of 胜过,超过 

get along 前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with 与~~相处 

get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击 

have got to do 不得不,必须 

get away 离开,逃脱 

get back 取回,回来;报复 

get behind 落后;识破 

get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁 

get down to 认真对待,静下心来

get familiar with 熟悉

get hold of 获得,取得 

get home 到家 

get in 进入,陷入;牵涉 

get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身 

get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处 

get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功 

get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯 

get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休

get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成 

get ready for 为~~作准备 

get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱 

get through 到达,完成,通过;及格 

get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见 

get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织 

get used to 习惯于

 

6.以give为中心的词组

 

be given to 沉溺于,癖好 

give about 分配;传播 

give and take 相互迁就 

give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发 

give back 归还 

give cause 给予~~的理由 

give ear to 侧耳倾听 

give forth 发出,放出;发表 

give in 屈服,让步,投降

give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步 

give off 发出(烟,气味) 

give oneself out to be/as 自称为

give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首 

give out 分发,公布 

give place to 让位于,被~~所替代 

give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生 

give sb. to understand 通知某人 

give up 放弃;停止 

give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

 

7.以look为中心的词组

 

look about 四下环顾;查看 

look after 照顾,看管 

look around 东张西望 

look at 注视,着眼于 

look back 回顾 

look for 寻找;期待,期望 

look down on 俯视;轻视 

look forward to 盼望,期待 

look into 窥视;调查;浏览

look like 看起来象 

look on 旁观;面向 

look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防 

look over 从上面看过去;检查 

look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览 

look up to 仰望,尊敬

 

8.以make为中心的词组

 

be made from 由~~原料制成 

be made of 由~~材料制成 

be made up of 由~~组成 

make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗 

make a mistake 弄错 

make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持 

make advantages/use of 使用,利用

make after 追求,追赶 

make believe 假装 

make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚 

make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系 

make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于 

make friends with 和~~交友 

make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为

make much of 重视;理解;赏识 

make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事 

make one’s own 当作自己的看待 

make oneself at home 随便,别拘束 

make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认 

make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视

make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装 

make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱 

make way for 为~~让路,让路于 

on the make 急求成功;增加

 

9.以put为中心的词组

 

put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除 

put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉 

put back 把~~放回原处;驳回 

put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落 

put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议

put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成 

put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞 

put on 上演;穿上,带上 

put up with 忍受,容忍 

put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志 

put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

 

10.以take为中心的词组

 

be taken aback 吃惊 

take a seat 就坐 

take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 

take aim 瞄准,设立目标 

take away 拿走,减去;夺去 

take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜 

take one’s place 就坐,入坐 

take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责 

take office 就职,上任 

take ~~ for 把~当作

take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱 

take one’s temperature 量体温 

take part in 参与,参加 

take it easy 别着急,慢慢来 

take place = happen 发生,举行 

take the place of 代替 

take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲 

take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊

 

11.以turn为中心的词组

 

give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法 

in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事 

out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的 

take one’s turn to do 轮到做 

turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见 

turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度

turn back 折回,往回走 

turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑 

turn into 走进;变成,变为 

turn to ~~for help 求助于

turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产 

turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于

turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向

turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是 

turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是 

turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新 

turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策 

turn to 变成;着手于 

turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

 


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