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高考英语语法填空的3大解题方法总结

2019-10-24 17:06:39  来源:学而思爱智康

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一、无提示词(只能填1个单词)

 

    1.缺少主语

 

    如果       +v.  ,应首先考虑代词。

 

    可填(1)人称代词: he,she,they,it等

 

    (2)关系代词:在定语从句中作主语的有that,which,who等。

 

    【2016资阳市高三第二次诊断】It is always the firefighters   which\that  take the lead to run to the very center, saving lives by risking their own.

 

    (3)连接代词:名词性从句中作主语的引导词有what,whoever等。

 

    【2012湖南】_   What_   is important is that we let others know we care about them.

 

    (4)形式主语it:如果作主语的是动词不定式、动名词或从句,要填形式主语it。

 

    【2016郑州高三质量预测】Tu Youyou was modest about receiving the award: “It’s a success for the whole research team.” She also thinks   it   is scientists’ duty to fight for the health of all humans.

 

    【2016潍坊一调】  It is generally acknowledged that young people from poorer socio-economic  backgrounds tend to do less well in our education system.

 

    ★注意强调句

 

    【德州市2016届高三期末统考】 It is the reality TV show that gives them a sense of being a star 。

 

    2.缺少宾语

 

    v./prep. +        

 

    (1)填人称代词:如 him,her,them,it等。

 

    (2)填名词性物主代词 mine,hers等

 

    【2016潍坊一调】“Oh, dear! It's __mine__.” She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully.

 

    (3)填关系代词:如that,whom等。

 

    【广东省惠州市2016届高三上学期第三次调研】At the end of 2014, China had a population of 1.37 billion people, a total of 800 million of _whom___ are employed.

 

    whom在从句中做介词的宾语

 

    3. 缺少限定词,     +名词/代词,

 

    限定词包括冠词(a,an,the)、形容词性物主代词(my,your,its,his等)、关系词(whose,which等)、不定代词(no,some,any,each,every, many,several等)

 

    【安徽省“皖南八校”2016届高三第二次联考】In the middle of April, if you walk through Jinghong,    the   capital of Xishuangbanna region in Yunnan province, chances  are that you'll get very, very wet.

 

    【2016惠州市三调】In 2013, the government permitted other families to have two if one parent was ___an__ only child.

 

    4.填介词,固定搭配 如provide sb with sth.  Refuse to do

 

    5.单词短语之间没有连词,可能是填连词,可填and或or

 

    【2014·新课标全国卷Ⅰ】 But the river wasn't changed in a few days __or__ even a few months.

 

    6.若两句之间没有连词,也没有句号,填连词,例如and,but,or,so等

 

    【2014全国新课标Ⅱ】There were many people waiting at the bus stop,___and___ some of them looked very anxious and disappointed.

 

    前后分句为并列关系,故用and。

 

    7. 若句子完整,空特别是与上下文时态主谓不一致时,很可能是填情态动词或do,have及其正确形式

 

    【2014·高考全国卷Ⅱ】Then the driver stood up and asked,“__Did_____ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?”

 

二、有提示词,用不多于3个单词正确形式填空

 

    1.给出动词原形,一般会考查动词的时态.看主语与谓语之间是主动关系还是被动关系,以确定用主动语态还是被动语态,同时还要根据语境考虑用哪种时态。

 

    (1)作谓语(主动、被动)

 

    【2015全国新课标I】It was raining lightly when I __arrived____(arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn.

 

    【2014·高考辽宁卷】Be patient! Tai Chi   _is called_____(call)“shadow boxing” in English.It asks you to act like water: to be flexible as well as strong.

 

    (2)非谓语

 

    【2015全国新课标II】When a new day breaks,the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough ____to cool__ (cool) the house during the hot day;at the same time,they warm up again for the night.

 

    (2)句子不缺成分,作后(前)置定语

 

    【2015全国课标II】The adobe dwellings _built______(build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even  the most modern of architects and engineers.

 

    2.给出名词,一般考查词性及其单复数形式变化。具体变化形式可参考《选修7》附录Grammer第一节

 

    (1)名词词性变化,有时涉及单复数

 

    【2016届河北省保定市高三期末调研】Polar bears depend on the sea ice for their  survival (survive).

 

    【广东省惠州市2016届高三上学期第三次调研】With the two-child policy, the labor ___shortage___ (short) will be relieved, starting in 20 years.

 

    (2)单复数变化

 

    【四川省资阳市2016届高三上学期第二次诊断】

 

    Whenever and wherever  disasters  (disaster) happen — 9/11 Attacks in New York 14 years ago

 

    3.给出形容词,一般涉及词性变化具体变化形式可参考《选修7》附录Grammer第一节

 

    【2016届河北省保定市高三期末调研】 Normally  (normal), they have three months in the spring when they gain more weight。

一、无提示词(只能填1个单词)

    1.缺少主语

 

    如果       +v.  ,应首先考虑代词。

 

    可填(1)人称代词: he,she,they,it等

 

    (2)关系代词:在定语从句中作主语的有that,which,who等。

 

    【2016资阳市高三第二次诊断】It is always the firefighters   which\that  take the lead to run to the very center, saving lives by risking their own.

 

    (3)连接代词:名词性从句中作主语的引导词有what,whoever等。

 

    【2012湖南】_   What_   is important is that we let others know we care about them.

 

    (4)形式主语it:如果作主语的是动词不定式、动名词或从句,要填形式主语it。

 

    【2016郑州高三质量预测】Tu Youyou was modest about receiving the award: “It’s a success for the whole research team.” She also thinks   it   is scientists’ duty to fight for the health of all humans.

 

    【2016潍坊一调】  It is generally acknowledged that young people from poorer socio-economic  backgrounds tend to do less well in our education system.

 

    ★注意强调句

 

    【德州市2016届高三期末统考】 It is the reality TV show that gives them a sense of being a star 。

 

    2.缺少宾语

 

    v./prep. +        

 

    (1)填人称代词:如 him,her,them,it等。

 

    (2)填名词性物主代词 mine,hers等

 

    【2016潍坊一调】“Oh, dear! It's __mine__.” She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully.

 

    (3)填关系代词:如that,whom等。

 

    【广东省惠州市2016届高三上学期第三次调研】At the end of 2014, China had a population of 1.37 billion people, a total of 800 million of _whom___ are employed.

 

    whom在从句中做介词的宾语

 

    3. 缺少限定词,     +名词/代词,

 

    限定词包括冠词(a,an,the)、形容词性物主代词(my,your,its,his等)、关系词(whose,which等)、不定代词(no,some,any,each,every, many,several等)

 

    【安徽省“皖南八校”2016届高三第二次联考】In the middle of April, if you walk through Jinghong,    the   capital of Xishuangbanna region in Yunnan province, chances  are that you'll get very, very wet.

 

    【2016惠州市三调】In 2013, the government permitted other families to have two if one parent was ___an__ only child.

 

    4.填介词,固定搭配 如provide sb with sth.  Refuse to do

 

    5.单词短语之间没有连词,可能是填连词,可填and或or

 

    【2014·新课标全国卷Ⅰ】 But the river wasn't changed in a few days __or__ even a few months.

 

    6.若两句之间没有连词,也没有句号,填连词,例如and,but,or,so等

 

    【2014全国新课标Ⅱ】There were many people waiting at the bus stop,___and___ some of them looked very anxious and disappointed.

 

    前后分句为并列关系,故用and。

 

    7. 若句子完整,空特别是与上下文时态主谓不一致时,很可能是填情态动词或do,have及其正确形式

 

    【2014·高考全国卷Ⅱ】Then the driver stood up and asked,“__Did_____ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?”

 

二、有提示词,用不多于3个单词正确形式填空

 

    1.给出动词原形,一般会考查动词的时态.看主语与谓语之间是主动关系还是被动关系,以确定用主动语态还是被动语态,同时还要根据语境考虑用哪种时态。

 

    (1)作谓语(主动、被动)

 

    【2015全国新课标I】It was raining lightly when I __arrived____(arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn.

 

    【2014·高考辽宁卷】Be patient! Tai Chi   _is called_____(call)“shadow boxing” in English.It asks you to act like water: to be flexible as well as strong.

 

    (2)非谓语

 

    【2015全国新课标II】When a new day breaks,the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough ____to cool__ (cool) the house during the hot day;at the same time,they warm up again for the night.

 

    (2)句子不缺成分,作后(前)置定语

 

    【2015全国课标II】The adobe dwellings _built______(build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even  the most modern of architects and engineers.

 

    2.给出名词,一般考查词性及其单复数形式变化。具体变化形式可参考《选修7》附录Grammer第一节

 

    (1)名词词性变化,有时涉及单复数

 

    【2016届河北省保定市高三期末调研】Polar bears depend on the sea ice for their  survival (survive).

 

    【广东省惠州市2016届高三上学期第三次调研】With the two-child policy, the labor ___shortage___ (short) will be relieved, starting in 20 years.

 

    (2)单复数变化

 

    【四川省资阳市2016届高三上学期第二次诊断】

 

    Whenever and wherever  disasters  (disaster) happen — 9/11 Attacks in New York 14 years ago

 

    3.给出形容词,一般涉及词性变化具体变化形式可参考《选修7》附录Grammer第一节

 

    【2016届河北省保定市高三期末调研】 Normally  (normal), they have three months in the spring when they gain more weight。

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