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中考英语常考的重点句型及短语汇总

2020-01-13 14:37:25  来源:网络

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 [重点句型]

  1.So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语.

  前面陈述的肯定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用到这种倒装结构,表示“另一人(物)也如此。”前面陈述的否定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.”这种倒装结构。

  注意:“So+主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”这一句型常用于表示赞同,进一步肯定对方的看法,表示“的确如此。”“是呀。”

  2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing.

  这一指路的句型意为“在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。”相当于Take the first /second/…turning on theright/left.

  3.It takes sb.some time to do sth.

  此句型表示“干某事花了某人一段时间。”其中的it是形式主语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的主语.

  4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth.

  此句型中的it是形式宾语,不可用其它代词替代,形容词作宾语的补足语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的宾语。

  5.What’s wrong with…?

  此句型相当于What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为“某物出什么毛病了?”后跟某人作宾语时,意为“某人怎么了?”

  6.too…to…

  在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是否定句时,常与简单句too…to…(太……而不能……)进行句型转换。

  在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是肯定句时,常与简单句…enough to…进行句型转换.

  7.Sorry to hear that.

  全句应为I’m sorry to hear that. 意为“听到此事我很难过(遗憾)。”常用于对别人的不幸表示同情、遗憾之意。

  重点句型、词组

  1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。

  [用法] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。

  [搭配] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do.

  [比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。

  2.…return it sooner or later.

  ……迟早要将它归还。

  [用法] l)sooner or later意为“迟早”、“早晚”。

  2)return此处用作及物动词,意为“归还”,相当于give back.

  [拓展]return还可用作不及物动词,意为“返回”,相当于go back或come back。

  3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气……

  [用法]no matter what 相当于whatever,其意为“无论什么”,引导状语从句。

  [拓展]类似no matter what的表达方式还有:

  no matter when无论什么时候

  nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;no matter where无论什么地方

  no matter who无论谁

  no matter how 无论怎么样

  4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green.

  一位年经人与格林先生练习讲英语。

  [用法]practise doing sth. 表示“实践、练习(做)某事”。

  [拓展]practice名词,“实践”、“实施”、“练习”;put a plan into practice实行某计划。

  5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans.

  他鼓励大家参加保护我们的湖泊、河流和海洋的活动。

  [用法]1)encourage用作动词,意思是“鼓励”、“支持”。

  2)take part in“参加”,常表示参加活动。

  3)protect 是动词,表示“防御”、“保护”。

  [搭配]1)encourage sb. in sth.在某事上鼓励或支持某人

  nbsp;encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人干某事

  2)protect sh. from sth.使某人不受某事侵袭或伤害

  6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。

  [用法] warn用作动词,意思是“警告”、“警戒”。

  [搭配]1)warn sb.+ that从句

  2)warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事

  3)warn sb. to do sth.告诫某人做某事

  4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事

  短语总结

  1.    It’s time for sth. 该到做某事的时间了.

  It’s time to do sth.(It’s time for sb. to do sth) 该到(某人)做某事的时间了.

  2. can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地要求做某事.

  3. ask (tell)sb. (not )to do sth . 请(告诉)某人(不)做某事.

  4. make/let sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事.

 5. hear/see/sb. do sth 听见/看见某人做某事.

  6. had better(not )do sth 最好不做某事.

  7. It’s better to do sth最好做某事

  8. It’s best to do sth最好做某事

  9. enjoy 喜欢做某事

  10. finish 结束做某事

  11. keep 继续做某事

  12. keep on doing sth. 继续做某事

  13. carry on 继续做某事

  14. go on 继续做某事

  15. feel like 喜欢做某事

  16. stop to do sth 与stop doing sth 停下来去做某事(与)停止做某事.

  17. forget/remember to do 与 forget/remember doing sth.忘记/记得去做某事(与) 忘记/记得曾经做过事.

  18. keep(precent,stop)sb. from doing sth阻止/防止/阻栏栽人做某事

  19. prefer….to ……喜欢…..胜过……

  20. prefer to do sth. rather than do ath.宁愿做某事,而不原做某事.

  21. used to do sth.过去常常做某事.

  22. What’s wong with……? …..出了问题(事)?

  23. have nothing to do with….. 与…..无关

  24. be busy doing sth . 在忙于做某事

  25. too…..to….. 太……以致知于不……

  26. so ……that ….. 如此….. 以致知于不……

  27. such…..that…… 如此….. 以致知于不……

  28. It take sb. some time to do sth .某人做某事用了一些时间.

  29. spend …..on sth.(doing sth.)花钱/时间做某事.

  30. pay…..for sth.花费(钱)买某物.

  31. What /how about……? …….怎么样(好吗)?

  32. would like to do sth .想要/愿意做某事..

  33. I don’t think that我认为……不…..

  34. Why not do sth.? Why don’t you do sth .?为什么不做某事呢?

  35. What do you mean by….?你….是什么意思?

  36. What do you think of …..(How do you like ….)你认为….怎么样?

  37. Mike enjoys collecting stamps . So do I.迈克喜欢集邮.我也也喜欢.

  38. The more, the better . 越多越剧好.

  39. Thanks for doing sth.谢谢你做了某事.

  40. It is said that….. 据说……

  重点短语

  1. (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+ do

  eg :I like watching monkeys jump

  2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样

  3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)

  4 agree with sb 赞成某人

  5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样

  6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

  7 along with 同……一道,伴随……

  eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去

  the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树

  8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样

  9 as you can see 你是知道的

  10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book

  11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

  12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

  13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen

  14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始

  15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day

  16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

  17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信

  eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test

  18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

  19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing

  20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing

  21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog

  22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么

  eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

  23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me

  24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

  25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高

  26 be ashamed to

  27 be away from 远离

  28 be away from 从……离开

  29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

  30 be born 出生于

  31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于……

  32 be careful 当心;小心

  33 be different from…… 和什么不一样

  34 be famous for 以……著名

  35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好

  36 be from = come from 来自

  eg :He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?

  37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water

  38 be glad+to+do/从句

  39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

  40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……

  41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good for your English

  42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

  43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处

  eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处

  Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处

  44 be in good health 身体健康

  45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble

  46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

  47 be late for = come late to 迟到   eg: Be late for class 上课迟到

  48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother

  49 be mad at 生某人的气

  50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)

  52 be not sure 表不确定

  53 be on a visit to 参观

  54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

  55 be quiet 安静

  56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰

  57 be sick in bed 生病在床

  58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you

  59 be sorry to hear that

  60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you

  61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles

  62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

  63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格

  64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么

  65 be sure 表确定

  66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

  67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)

  68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试

  69 be sure to do sth 一定会做某事

  eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

 70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕……

  71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事

  72 be the same as … 和什么一样

  73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

  eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早起 He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

  He is used to working hard He is used to hard work 他习惯努力工作

  74 be worth doing 值得做什么

  75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事 be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句

  76 because+句子 because of +短语

  eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

  77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么

  eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home

  78 between…and… 两者之间

  79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西

  eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen

  80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同

  81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth

  eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station

  我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站

  the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了

  He's bothering me to lend him money

  82 by the end of 到……为止

  83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang

  84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来

  85 catch up with sb 赶上某人

  86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地

  87 come in 进来

  88 come over to 过来

  89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗?

  90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

  91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州?

  92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞

  93 decide to do sth 决定做某事

  94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查

  95 do better in 在……方面做得更好

  96 do wrong 做错

  97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事

  98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

  99 each +名(单)每一个…… eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书

  100 end up +doing

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