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2021春季新学期初三下册英语课本知识点

2021-03-09 18:40:00  来源:百度文库

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2021春季新学期初三下册英语课本知识点!很多人只是对课本看看,了解下都什么内容,实际这只是粗略的,诊断真正考的都是较基本的知识,难得题目都是基本知识点的累积。好的预习,应该是,在自己的本子上列出来这节的知识点,都涉及了那些知识点,前边学习的知识点,与这节的知识点有联系么?下面,小编为大家带来 2021春季新学期初三下册英语课本知识点

2021春季新学期初三下册英语课本知识点

  Unit 5 Topic 1

  一、 重点词汇

  (一) 词形转换

  1. attract (v.) 吸引---attraction (名词)-- attractive (adj.) 吸引人的

  3. introduce (动词)--introduction(名词)

  4.long ( adj. )--- length ( n. )

  5. high( adj.) – height ( n.)

  6. wear ---- wore ---- worn

  7 enemy -- enemies

  8. responsible ---- responsibility

  ( 二.)重点短语

  1. know little about 对……几乎不了解

  Know more / a little / nothing about…

  2. place(s) of interest 名胜古迹

  3. the birthplace of Chinese culture 中华文化的发源地

  4. attract millions of tourists 吸引了成百万的游客

  5. a great number of 许多

  the number of …的数目

  6. the second longest river 第二长河

  7. fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人取某物

  8. introduce …in detail 详细地介绍……

  introduce A to B 把A 介绍给B

  introduce oneself 自我介绍

  9. lie in 位于……内

  10. run / go through… 流经 / 途经……

  11. be well worth doing sth. 很值得做某事

  12. regard…as…把……看成…..

  be regarded as …被当作…

  13. a symbol of imperial power 帝王权利的象征

  14.carve sth. on the stone 把…刻在石头上

  15.guard the whole nation 守卫整个民族

  16.play an important part / role in 在…发挥重要作用

  17.be made of white marble 由白色的大理石制成

  18.stretch from …..to…从…. 延伸到….

  19.be made of packed earth and wood 由成袋的泥土和木头制成

  be made of stone and brick 由石头和砖块制成

  20.bring tourists into China 把游客带入中国

  21.a treasure of Chinese civilization 中华民族的瑰宝

  22.join…together …. 把…连接在一起

  23.wear away (wore away, have / has worn away ) 磨损

  24.separate …. from …把…从…分开

  25. be famous for 因…而著名

  be famous as …

  be known as …. 作为….而出名

  26.an important Chinese export 一项很重要的中国出口产品

  27.sound similar to 听起来和…很相像

  28.the mild climate 温和的气候

  29. rich soil 肥沃的土地

  30.develop unique tea culture 发展少有的茶文化

  二.重点句型

  1. It is / has been …… since ….. 自从…以来已经多久了

  2. And many of them are famous, such as Mount Song, Mount Huang and Mount Emei.

  它们当中许多很有名,比如嵩山、恒山和峨眉山。

  3. Among them, the Changjiang River is the longest one and the second longest one is the Yellow River.

  它们当中长江是较长的一条,第二长的是黄河。

  4. What grand buildings!多么壮丽的建筑物啊!

  5. It’s said that ….. 据说…

  6. It’s a mountain with lots of strange pine trees. 它是一座长着很多奇松的山

  7.It stretches from Shanghaiguan in the east to Jiayuguan in the west .

  它从东部山海关一直延伸到西部嘉峪关

  8.The first emperor ,QinShihuang, joined all these smaller walls together to make the Great Wall.

  先进个皇帝秦始皇将所有小城墙连接起来成了长城。

  9. These early walls that were made of packed earth and wood wore away in the rain and wind.

  由成袋的泥土和木头制成的早期城墙在风雨中磨损了。

  10.The Great Wall was first built by ancient people to separate them from their enemies.

  \ 起初建筑长城是为了将人们和敌人分离开。

  11. The Great Wall is a treasure of Chinese civilization and it is regarded as a symbol of the Chinese nation.

  长城是中华文明的瑰宝和中华民族的象征。

  三、重要知识点

  1. If you want to learn more, I can fetch you Guide to China.

  如果你想了解更多,我可以给你拿一本《中国指南》

  fetch = go somewhere and bring sth./ sb. back 到别处去取回或把人请来

  fetch sb. sth.= fetch sth. for sb. 为某人取某物

  eg. Could you fetch me some chalk? = Could you fetch some chalk for me?

  Have you fetched the doctor?

  *bring 指从别处把某人(物)带来(拿来)。

  take 指拿去;带去”。与bring相反。

  fetch 指到别处去取回或把人请来

  carry 指搬动较重的物体,无方向性。

  eg. Bring me today’s newspaper, please. 请帮我把今天的报纸拿来。

  Take this book to my office. 把这本书拿到我的办公室去。

  Please fetch a doctor for Lao Li. 请为老李请一位医生来。

  Students often help the old man carry water. 孩子们经常帮那位老人提水。

  2. It (The Yellow River) is the second longest river in China. 它(黄河)是中国的第二长河。

  “ the +序数词+形容词更高级+可数名词单数”, 表示“第几……的”。如:

  I think computer is the first most useful tool of all. 我想电脑是所有工具中较有用的。

  The second most important thing is to come here by yourself. 第二重要的事是你自己来到这儿。

  3. It goes through nine provinces and finally joins the Bohai Sea. 它流经九个省份,较终汇入渤海湾。

  go through “穿过;通过”,指通过两边,相当于一条直线

  go across “穿过;横穿”,指从这边到那边,相当于一条线段

  eg. go through the street (竖)穿过街道

  go across the street = cross the street (横)过马路

  4. be known/famous as… “作为……而出名”

  be known/famous for… “因……而出名”

  be known to… “为……所熟知”

  eg. Yao Ming is known/famous as a basketball player. 姚明作为一名蓝球运动员而出名.

  West Lake is known/famous for its beautiful scenery. 西湖因秀丽的景色而出名.

  Beijing is known to all the people in the world because of the 2008 Olympic Games.

  北京因为2008年奥运会而为全世界人民所熟知.

  四.重点语法

  定语从句: 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句。而被修饰的名词或代词被称为先行词。

  定语从句放在先行词的后面,由关系代词或关系副词引导。

  常见的关系代词有:

  that 指代“人或物”

  which 指代“物”

  who/ whom 指代“人”

  whose 指代“某人的”

  l 关系代词在从句作主语或宾语; whose作定语。作宾语时关系代词可省略。

  本话题中出现以下定语从句:

  China is a big country that has about 5,000 years of history.

  中国是一个拥有约五千年历史的大国。

  That’s all (that) I know. 那是我所知道的全部。

  It’s a book which introduces China in detail. 它是一本详细介绍中国的书。

  It’s Mount Tai that/ which lies in Shandong Province.

  它是位于山东省境内的泰山。

  That’s the most fantastic place (that) I have ever heard of.

  那是我曾听说过的较神奇的地方。

  West Lake which lies in Hangzhou is one of the most famous lakes in China.

  位于杭州市的西湖是中国较著名的湖泊之一。

  There are three beautiful places which shouldn’t be missed by visitors to China.

  有三个不容被来到中国的游客所错过的美丽地方。

  Unit 5 Topic2

  一、词形转换

  1. think (v.) --- thinker (n.)

  2. lead (v.) ---leader (n.)

  3. sail (v.) --- sailing (n.) --- sailor (n.)

  4. graduate (v.) --- graduation (n.)

  5. research (v.) --- researcher (n.)

  6. discover (v.) --- discovery (n.)

  7. express (v.) --- expression (n.)

  8. kindness (n.)---kind (adj.)

  9. east (n.) --- eastern (adj.)

  二、重点词组:

  1. in the field of education 在教育领域

  2. in the year 551 B.C. 在公元前551年

  3. a great thinker 一名伟大的思想家

  4. in one’s twenties / thirties 在某人20几、30几岁

  5. pass away 去世

  6. be proud of 为...感到自豪

  7. be the pride of 是...的骄傲

  8. play an important role / part in 在...起重要作用

  9. succeed in doing sth 成功地做...

  10. die of / from illness 死于疾病

  11. graduate from... 毕业于...

  12. make a contribution(s) to sth 为...做贡献

  13. return to 返回...

  14. set up 建立

  15. in charge of 掌管/负责...

  16. at the age of 在...岁时

  17. travel across the Pacific Ocean to the United States for further study 飘洋过海到美国深造

  18. at first 起初

  19. at the end of 在...末(结尾)

  20. make fireworks 制作烟花

  三、重点句型:

  1. He was a great thinker who had many wise ideas about human nature and behavior.

  他是一名对人类本性与行为有着真知灼见的伟大思想家。

  2. He was also a famous philosopher whose wise saying have influenced many people in different countries.他也是一名著名的哲学家,他的至理名言影响了不同国家的许多人。

  3. He was really a great man from whom I can learn a lot.

  他的确是一个我们能从他身上学到很多东西的了不起的人。

  4. At that time, the compass played an important role in his sailing.

  那时,指南针在航海中起到重要的作用。

  5. He even succeeded in sailing to the east coast of Africa.

  他甚至成功的航行到非洲东海岸。

  6. It’s hard to believe. 难以置信。

  7. Unfortunately, he died of illness on his way home from Africa in 1433.

  不幸的是,他在1433年从非洲回家途中病故。

  8. What a shame! 真可惜

  9. Qian Xuesen graduated from Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

  钱学森毕业于上海交通大学。

  10. He became a teacher as well as a researcher who studied rockets and missile theories.

  毕业后,他成为一名老师同时也是研究火箭和导弹理论的研究员。

  11. He was in charge of developing China’s missiles, rocket and spacecraft research programs. 他主管中国的导弹,火箭和宇宙飞船的研究项目。

  12. He was honored as “The Father of China’s Missiles”. 他被誉为中国导弹之父。

  13. He is really the pride of China. 他的确是中国人的骄傲。

  Unit 5 Topic 3

  一.主要短语

  1. see…doing 看见……正在做某事

  2. long ago 很久以前

  3. either…or… 要么/或者…要么/或者

  4. have sth. done 让某事被做

  5. a symbol of ……的象征

  6. look like 看起来像

  7. some/one day 某一天

  8. ring out 发出清脆的叫声

  9. make a report about 做有关……的报告

  10. in class 课堂上

  11. give up doing 放弃做某事

  give…up 放弃

  12. not only…but also…不仅……而且

  13. in/during one’s lifetime在某人的一生中

  14. admire sb. for sth. 因某事钦佩某人

  15. exploring spirit 探索精神

  16. be born 出生

  17. neither…nor 既不……也不

  18. encourage sb. to do 鼓励某人做某事

  19. call sb... 叫/称某人...

  20. during the following years 在接下来的几年里

  21. take an active part in 积极参加

  22. a highly respected lawyer 高度受人尊重的律师

  23. break out 爆发

  24. get rid of 消除, 解除, 革除

  25. set sb. free 释放某人

  26. less than/more than \ 少于/多于

  27. study by oneself 自学

  28. break up the country 分裂这个国家

  29. consider sth. sth. 把某物看成某物

  30. at that time 在那时

  31. according to 根据

  32. order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

  33. …meters high/long/wide 多少米高/长/宽

  34. continue to do 继续做某事

  35. working people 劳动人民

  二.重要句型

  1. I really hope I can visit some of these places.

  我真的希望某一天我能参观这些地方中的一部分。

  2. I think we have learned a lot from the famous people around the world.

  我认为我们从世界著名人物身上学到了很多。

  3. Not only did she discover radium but also she won the Nobel Prize twice in her lifetime. 她不仅发现了镭,而且在她的一生中两度获得诺贝尔奖。

  4. I admire Thomas Edison both for his exploring spirit and for his great inventions.

  我钦佩托马斯·爱迪生他的探索精神和伟大的发明(创造)。

  5. During the following years, he took a more active part in politics.

  在接下来的几年里,他更积极的参加政治(活动)。

  6. Studies show that it took 100 000 people over 20 years to complete it.

  研究表明,建成它(金字塔)要花10万人20多年的时间。

  7. The biggest stone weighs as much as 15 tons. 较大的石头重达15吨。

  三.语法:连词

  1. either..or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also…连主语,谓语动词使用就近原则。

  Eg: Either you or he is right. 要么你对,要么他对。

  Neither he nor his parents have been to Beijing. 他和他的父母都没去过北京。

  Not only Jane but also her friends like Chinese food. 不仅简而且她的朋友都喜欢中国的美食。

  2. both…and…连主语,谓语动词用复数

  Eg: Both he and his uncle like Beijing Opera. 他和他的舅舅都喜欢京剧。

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