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英语丨初二2020-2021学年下期中考后重点难点梳理

2021-04-24 18:32:37  来源:百度文库

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英语丨初二2020-2021学年下期中考后重点难点梳理!有许多同学在期中诊断后,往往只是关注于诊断成绩而忽略了更为重要的考后反思工作,相关人士在此强调,无论诊断成绩优或劣,诊断后都要认真地进行总 结,因为只有这样,孩子才能找到考好的原因抑或是考得不好的原因。下面,小编为大家带来 英语丨初二2020-2021学年下期中考后重点难点梳理

英语丨初二2020-2021学年下期中考后重点难点梳理

  Unti1 what’s the matter?

  短语归纳

  1.too much 太多

  2.lie down 躺下

  3.get an X-ray 做个X光检查

  4.take one ’s temperature 量体温

  5.put some medicine on ......在....上敷药

  6.have a fever 发烧

  7.take breaks /take a break 休息

  8.without thinking twice 没多想

  9.get off 下车

  10.take sb to the hospital 送某人去医院

  11.wait for等待

  12.to one’s surprise 使.......惊讶的

  13.thanks to多亏于;由于

  14.in time及时

  15.think about 考虑

  16.have a heart problem患有心脏病

  17.get into the trouble 遇到麻烦

  18.do the right thing做正确的事情事情

  19.fall down 摔倒

  20.put ...... on sth把...放在某物上

  21.get hit/sunburned 摔伤/烧伤

  22.be interested in 对.....感兴趣

  23.be used to 习惯于....

  24.take risks/take a risk 挑战

  25.lose one’s life 失去生命

  26.because of 因为

  27.run out of 用完

  28.cut off 切除

  29.get out of 从...出来

  30.make a decision/decisions 做决定

  31.be in control of 掌管;管理

  32.give up 放弃

  用法归纳

  1.need to do sth .需要去做某事 2.see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事

  3.ask sb sth 询问某人某事 4.expect sb to do sth 期望某人做某事

  5.agree to do sth 同意做某事 6.help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

  7.want to do sth 想要做某事 8.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事

  9.have problems(in) doing sth 做某事有困难 10.use sth to do sth用某物去做某事

  11.be/get used to doing sth 习惯于做某事 12.seem to do sth 好像做某事

  13.keep on doing sth 继续做某事 14.mind doing sth 介意做某事

  语法点

  1.询问某人的健康问题及遇到麻烦的表达方法

  2.情态动词should的用法

  3.不定代词的用法

  精细解读

  1. What’s the matter (with you)? 怎么了?出什么事了?

  What’s the trouble/ the problem / wrong with sb./ sth.?

  2. I had a cold.我感冒了。

  have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu感冒 have a fever发烧 have a cough咳嗽

  have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼

  have a toothache牙疼

  have a headache头疼

  3. 身体部位+ache(疼痛)构成新的复合词

  stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache back+ache=backache后背痛

  4. much too+形容词或副词,意为太...,too much+不可数名词,意为太多...

  5. enough【形容、副词】足够的/地,enough放在名词后,形副后。

  good enough足够好,enough money足够的钱

  6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺着,过去式lay;lie说谎,过去式lied

  7. maybe “或许”,常用于句首,表示可能性,后加句子。Maybe you are right.

  may be,是情态动词+be的结构,意为“可能,也许”,后加名词、代词或形容词。He may be angry.

  8. sound like+名词代词和从句:

  It sounds like you don’t know the truth.

  It sounds like a good idea.

  sound+形容词,“听起来,好像”,The music sounds nice.

  9. need 需要,实义动词need+名词,需要某物;

  need to do sth.需要做某事,主语通常是人,表示人主动的动作:You need to listen carefully during class.

  need doing sth.主语通常是物,表示被动的动作:Your dirty clothes need washing.

  10. get off (the bus) 下(公交车) get on 上车

  11. agree 同意,赞同;同意做某事agree to do ,同意某人的看法、观点agree with sb。

  12. trouble问题,麻烦 ;be in trouble 陷入困境,

  make trouble 制造麻烦 ,have trouble (in) doing

  sth. =have difficulties (in) doing sth 做某事有困难

  13. right away=right now=at once,意为 立刻,马上

  。

  14. run out用完,用尽 When his water run out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.

  物sth. run out. 某物用尽了。 人sb. run out of sth..人用尽了某物。He run out of all his money last night.

  15. risk (sb.) to do sth. 冒险去做某事 take a risk=take risks 冒险

  16. the importance of (doing) sth.(做)某事的重要性 We students should know the importance of (learning) English.

  importance n. 重要(性), important adj.重要的,unimportant adj.不重要的

  17. decision 【名词】决定;抉择; make a decision 做决定

  18. be in the control of …掌管,管理 The headmaster is in the control of this new school.

  be out of control无法控制,无法管理

  重点语法

  【反身代词】英语中共有八个反身代词,在使用时应注意和它所指的相应的对象在人称、性别、数上保持一致。

  数 人称

  先进人称

  第二人称

  第三人称

  单数

  myself

  yourself

  himself herself itself

  复数

  ourselves

  yourselves

  themselves

  用在某些固定短语当中。

  如: look after oneself / take care of oneself 照顾自己

  teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself自学

  enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快

  help oneself to sth 请自用……(随便吃/喝些……).

  hurt oneself摔伤自己

  say to oneself自言自语

  leave sb. by oneself把某人单独留下

  buy oneself sth.给自己买……东西

  introduce oneself 介绍……自己

  【提醒】

  1. 反身代词不能单独做主语,但可以做主语的同位语,起强调作用。 如:我自己能完成功课。

  (误)Myself can finish my homework. (正) I myself can finish my homework. / I can finish my homework myself.

  2. 反身代词表示“某人自己”不能表示“某人的东西”,因为它没有所有格的形式。表达“某人自己的(东西)”时,须要用one’s own.

  如:我用我自己的蜡笔画画。(误)I’m drawing with myself crayons. (正) I’m drawing with my own crayons.

  【训练】

  1. My classmate, Li Ming, made a card for _________ just now.

  2. Bad luck! I cut _________ with a knife yesterday.

  3. They tell us they can look after_________ very well.

  4. My cat can find food by_________ .

  5. Help __________to some beef, boys.

  6. Jenny enjoyed_________ in the park yesterday afternoon.

  7. We can finish our homework by_________ .

  8. The blind girl lost_________ in the beautiful music.

  9. Xiao Hui, can you introduce _________ to us ?

  10. Bill wants to teach_________ French from now on.

  Unit 2 I’ll help to clean the city parks

  短语归纳

  1.clean up 打扫干净

  2.cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振奋起来

  3.give out 分发

  4. used to 曾经......;过去........

  5.give away 赠送;捐赠

  6.set up 建立;设立

  7.make a difference有作为

  8.come up with 想出

  9.put off 推迟

  10.put up 张贴

  11.call up 打电话给

  12.help out 帮助.....摆脱困难

  13.care for 照顾;照看

  14.give up 放弃

  15.try out for 参加选择

  16.come true 实现

  17.run out of 用光

  18.take after 与.....相像

  19.fix up 修理

  20.be similiar to 与......相似

  用法归纳

  1.need to do sth 需要做某事 2.make plan to do sth 制定计划做某事

  3.ask sb (not ) to do sth 要求某人(不要)做某事

  4.used to do sth 过去常常做某事 5.decide to do sth 决定做某事

  6.help sb (to)do sth 帮助某人做某事 7.make a difference to 对......产生影响

  8.make it possible for sb to do sth 使得做某事对某人来说是可能的

  拓展链接

  动词+副词 短语

  cheer up 使高兴起来 clean up 打扫干净 put up 张贴 mix up 修理

  give away 赠送 give out 分发 give up 放弃 use up用光 get up 起床

  hand in 上交 put off 推迟 pick up 捡起 think over 仔细思考 turn down 关小音量

  set up 建立 set off 出发 look out 小心

  动词+介词 短语

  look after 照顾 belong to 属于 take after 与....相像 hear from 收到.....来信

  hear of 听说 pay for 支付 wait for 等待

  动词+副词+介词 短语

  get out of 避免 come up with 想出 catch up with 追上赶上look forward to 期待盼望

  go on with 继续

  动词+名词 短语

  have a rest 休息一下 take a walk 散步 make mistakes 犯错 have a try 试一下

  take place 发生 tell a lie 撒谎 make a decision 做决定

  动词+名词+介词 短语

  have a look at 看一看 make a friend with 与.....交朋友pay attention to 注意 make fun of 取笑

  Be+形容词+介词 短语

  be late for 迟到 be angry with 生气 be fond of 喜欢 be good at 擅长

  be good for 对...有好处 be short of 缺乏 be similiar to 与......相似

  be strict with 对......严格要求 be pound of 骄傲 自豪

  语法点

  动词不定式归纳

  只跟动词不定式做宾语的动词

  决心学会有希望( decide,learn,wish,hope)

  同意计划莫假装(agree,plan,pretend)

  忘记拒绝会失望(forget,refuse,fail)

  准备设法来帮忙(prepare,try,manage,help)

  提供请求负担起(offer,beg,afford)

  记得阻止理应当(remember stop,be supposed)

  题目链接

  1.-Tom failed the exam again

  -Sorry to hear that. We should do something to .

  A. cheer him up B.cheer on him C.cheer him on D.cheer uo him

  2.The boys volunteer three hours up the park near their school.

  A. cleaning B. to clean C. cleaned D. with cleaning

  3.The woman in red a teacher.She works in a hospital now.

  A. used to be B. is used to be C.was used to be D.is

  4.The old man lives ,but he doesn’t feel .

  A. alone;alone B. lonely;lonely C.lonely;alone D. alone;lonely

  5.Tina, I have something important you.

  A.telling B.tells C.tell D.to tell

  6.--The old man all his money to a charity.

  A.took away B.put away C.went away D.gave away

  7.We all feel after hear of the news.

  A.excited;exciting B.exciting;exciting C.excited;exciting D.exciting;excited

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